DENIC Domain Guidelines and Data Protection Information

The English translation of the DENIC Domain Guidelines is provided for the convenience of our non-German-speaking customers. Regardless of this, only the original German-language version is legally binding.

DENIC Domain Guidelines and Data Protection Information


(1) DENIC (in full: DENIC eG) administers and operates the registry for Internet domains under the Top Level Domain (TLD) .de. It does this without the intention to make any profit, for the benefit of everyone with an interest in the Internet. In doing so, DENIC complies with the internationally recognized standards for the operation of country code Top Level Domain registries.

(2) Particulars of DENIC: DENIC eG, Theodor-Stern-Kai 1, 60596 Frankfurt am Main, Germany; e-mail:; entered into the public register of cooperatives at the local court (Amtsgericht) of Frankfurt am Main under the number 770, value added tax identification number DE 189976656; members of the Executive Board: Thomas Keller, Martin Küchenthal, Andreas Musielak, Sebastian Röthler.


Applications for domains may be submitted either through a DENIC member or directly to DENIC (DENICdirect). Such applications are only processed if the requested domain satisfies the provisions laid down in point V and if the information required in accordance with point VI is provided completely and accurately. The domain application represents a binding offer of the (future) Domain Holder to enter into the contract.


(1) DENIC will register the domain if it has not already been registered for someone else ("first come, first served") and provided that it is not in the Redemption Grace Period. It may, however, reject the application if it is obvious that the registration would be illegal.

(2) A domain will enter the Redemption Grace Period as soon as it ceases to be registered for a particular Domain Holder, unless
a) the registration ceases because the Domain Contract was cancelled in accordance with § 1 (1) sentence 3 of the DENIC Domain Terms and Conditions, or
b) at the time the registration ceases, the domain is subject to a Dispute entry in accordance with § 2 (3) of the DENIC Domain Terms and Conditions, or
c) the registration ceases due to a domain transfer in accordance with § 6 (2) of the DENIC Domain Terms and Conditions or any other reregistration for another Domain Holder or
d) DENIC ends the registration by terminating the Domain Contract by declaration in accordance with § 7 (2) li. a), b), c) or d) of the DENIC Domain Terms and Conditions, or following a declaration of termination by the Domain Holder which is deemed to have been made within the meaning of Article 894 of the German Code of Civil Procedure.

(3) During the Redemption Grace Period, DENIC will register the domain for the last Domain Holder if they submit an application for the domain (point II). If this application is not made through the DENIC member who last administered the domain, or - in case the domain was administered directly by DENIC - submitted directly to DENIC (DENICdirect), the domain application must include the provider transfer password which was sent to the last Domain Holder in reply to their request they submitted during the Redemption Grace Period through a DENIC member.

(4) Notwithstanding subsection 3, DENIC will register the domain for a third party designated by the last Domain Holder if the third party submits an application for the domain and at the same time transmits the provider transfer password the last Domain Holder has received pursuant to the second sentence of subsection 3.

(5) The Redemption Grace Period shall last until the 31st day after the registration for the last Domain Holder ceased, until a point in time to be randomly chosen by DENIC on this 31st day. If, during the Redemption Grace Period, a password for a provider transfer has been issued in accordance with the second sentence of subsection 3, the Redemption Grace Period shall extend until the 30th day after such a password has been set for the first time, until a point in time randomly chosen by DENIC on this 30th day. The last Domain Holder may waive the Redemption Grace Period at any time by an explicit written declaration to DENIC; in this case, the Redemption Grace Period will end at a point in time randomly chosen by DENIC, but no later than on the first working day after DENIC has received the declaration of waiver.


(1) The Domain Contract is effected between the (future) Domain Holder and DENIC upon successful completion of domain registration.

(2) The Domain Contract, however, is terminated immediately when the Domain Holder has applied for registration of a domain through a DENIC member and subsequently fails to create within a period of four weeks the necessary technical conditions for connecting the domain, which shall include transmission of the corresponding technical data to DENIC ( (condition leading to termination).

(3) The Domain Contract is subject to the DENIC Domain Terms and Conditions. latest amended version of these is available any time at


(1) In addition to the TLD ending ".de", a domain may only be comprised of digits (0–9), hyphens, the letters A-Z of the Latin alphabet and the other letters listed in the Annex. It may neither begin nor end with a hyphen, nor may it have a hyphen as both its third and fourth characters. No distinction is made between upper and lower case.

(2) The minimum length of a domain is one character and its maximum length is 63 characters; if the domain includes characters listed in the Annex, the decisive criterion for determining the maximum length is the so-called ACE-encoded form of the domain as defined in RFC 5890.


It is the Domain Holder who is DENIC’s contractual partner and who thus holds the material rights to the domain. It is permissible for a domain to have several Joint Domain Holders. Unless the Domain Holder or one of the Joint Domain Holders is a natural person, the full name of the incorporated organisation (legal person) must be supplied (including the indication of its legal form). Moreover, the full postal address and the e-mail address of the Domain Holder and, in case of several Joint Domain Holders, the full postal addresses and e-mail addresses of all Domain Holders must be supplied. A post-office box number does not suffice for this purpose.

VII. Data Protection Information

(1) For the creation, performance and termination, if applicable, of the Domain Contract DENIC collects and stores the data of the Domain Holder on the basis of Article 6 paragraph 1 sentence 1 lit. b) of the General Data Protection Regulation. For more detailed information on DENIC refer to point I paragraph 2.

(2) DENIC stores the data of the Domain Holder until the registration of the domain is terminated or, if the domain subsequently enters the Redemption Grace Period as defined in point III paragraph 2, until this Period expires, but at least until the end of the sixth full calendar year after registration of the domain in the name of the Domain Holder due to statutory retention obligations.

(3) DENIC will forward the data of the Domain Holder to third parties who submit evidence to DENIC that they have a legitimate interest in the data or to whom DENIC is legally obliged to pass on the data.

(4) Pursuant to Articles 15 to 18 and 20 of the General Data Protection Regulation, the Domain Holder has the right to access, rectification, erasure, restriction of data processing and data portability to the extent defined both herein and in Articles 34 and 35 of the Federal Data Protection Act.

(5) The Domain Holder may lodge a claim with the Hessian Data Protection Officer regarding data protection issues.

(6) The Data Protection Officer of DENIC can be contacted at the address stated in point I paragraph 2 and under the e-mail address


Decimal Position in Unicode V5.2
Hexadecimal Position
in Unicode V5.2
Notation English
Notation German




Latin small letter a with acute

Kleiner lateinischer Buchstabe a mit Akut

à22400E0Latin small letter a with graveKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe a mit Gravis
ă2590103Latin small letter a with breveKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe a mit Brevis
â22600E2Latin small letter a with circumflexKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe a mit Zirkumflex
å22900E5Latin small letter a with ring aboveKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe a mit Ring oben
ä22800E4Latin small letter a with diaeresisKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe a mit Diärese (= Umlaut ä)
ã22700E3Latin small letter a with tildeKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe a mit Tilde
ą2610105Latin small letter a with ogonekKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe a mit Ogonek
ā2570101Latin small letter a with macronKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe a mit Macron
æ23000E6Latin small letter aeKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe ae
ć2630107Latin small letter c with acuteKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe c mit Akut
ĉ2650109Latin small letter c with circumflexKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe c mit Zirkumflex
č269010DLatin small letter c with caronKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe c mit Caron
ċ267010BLatin small letter c with dot aboveKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe c mit Punkt oben
ç23100E7Latin small letter c with cedillaKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe c mit Cedille
ď271010FLatin small letter d with caronKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe d mit Caron
đ2730111Latin small letter d with strokeKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe d mit Querstrich
é23300E9Latin small letter e with acuteKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe e mit Akut
è23200E8Latin small letter e with graveKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe e mit Gravis
ĕ2770115Latin small letter e with breveKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe e mit Brevis
ê23400EALatin small letter e with circumflexKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe e mit Zirkumflex
ě283011BLatin small letter e with caronKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe e mit Caron
ë23500EBLatin small letter e with diaeresisKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe e mit Diärese
ė2790117Latin small letter e with dot aboveKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe e mit Punkt oben
ę2810119Latin small letter e with ogonekKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe e mit Ogonek
ē2750113Latin small letter e with macronKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe e mit Macron
ğ287011FLatin small letter g with breveKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe g mit Brevis
ĝ285011DLatin small letter g with circumflexKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe g mit Zirkumflex
ġ2890121Latin small letter g with dot aboveKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe g mit Punkt oben
ģ2910123Latin small letter g with cedillaKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe g mit Cedille
ĥ2930125Latin small letter h with circumflexKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe h mit Zirkumflex
ħ2950127Latin small letter h with strokeKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe h mit Querstrich
í23700EDLatin small letter i with acuteKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe i mit Akut
ì23600ECLatin small letter i with graveKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe i mit Gravis
ĭ301012DLatin small letter i with breveKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe i mit Brevis
î23800EELatin small letter i with circumflexKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe i mit Zirkumflex
ï23900EFLatin small letter i with diaeresisKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe i mit Diärese
ĩ2970129Latin small letter i with tildeKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe i mit Tilde
į303012FLatin small letter i with ogonekKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe i mit Ogonek
ī299012BLatin small letter i with macronKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe i mit Macron
ı3050131Latin small letter dotless iKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe i ohne Punkt
ĵ3090135Latin small letter j with circumflexKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe j mit Zirkumflex
ķ3110137Latin small letter k with cedillaKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe k mit Cedille
ĺ314013ALatin small letter l with acuteKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe l mit Akut
ľ318013ELatin small letter l with caronKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe l mit Caron
ļ316013CLatin small letter l with cedillaKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe l mit Cedille
ł3220142Latin small letter l with strokeKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe l mit Querstrich
ń3240144Latin small letter n with acuteKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe n mit Akut
ň3280148Latin small letter n with caronKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe n mit Caron
ñ24100F1Latin small letter n with tildeKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe n mit Tilde
ņ3260146Latin small letter n with cedillaKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe n mit Cedille
ŋ331014BLatin small letter engKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe Eng
ó24300F3Latin small letter o with acuteKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe o mit Akut
ò24200F2Latin small letter o with graveKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe o mit Gravis
ŏ335014FLatin small letter o with breveKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe o mit Brevis
ô24400F4Latin small letter o with circumflexKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe o mit Zirkumflex
ö24600F6Latin small letter o with diaeresisKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe o mit Diärese (= Umlaut ö)
ő3370151Latin small letter o with double acuteKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe o mit Doppel-Akut
õ24500F5Latin small letter o with tildeKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe o mit Tilde
ø24800F8Latin small letter o with strokeKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe o mit Querstrich
ō333014DLatin small letter o with macronKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe o mit Macron
œ3390153Latin small ligature oeKleine lateinische Ligatur oe
ĸ3120138Latin small letter kraKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe Kra
ŕ3410155Latin small letter r with acuteKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe r mit Akut
ř3450159Latin small letter r with caronKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe r mit Caron
ŗ3430157Latin small letter r with cedillaKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe r mit Cedille
ś347015BLatin small letter s with acuteKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe s mit Akut
ŝ349015DLatin small letter s with circumflexKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe s mit Zirkumflex
š3530161Latin small letter s with caronKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe s mit Caron
ş351015FLatin small letter s with cedillaKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe s mit Cedille
ß22300DFLatin small letter sharp sKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe ß
ť3570165Latin small letter t with caronKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe t mit Caron
ţ3550163Latin small letter t with cedillaKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe t mit Cedille
ŧ3590167Latin small letter t with strokeKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe t mit Querstrich
ú25000FALatin small letter u with acuteKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe u mit Akut
ù24900F9Latin small letter u with graveKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe u mit Gravis
ŭ365016DLatin small letter u with breveKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe u mit Brevis
û25100FBLatin small letter u with circumflexKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe u mit Zirkumflex
ů367016FLatin small letter u with ring aboveKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe u mit Ring oben
ü25200FCLatin small letter u with diaeresisKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe u mit Diärese (= Umlaut ü)
ű3690171Latin small letter u with double acuteKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe u mit Doppel-Akut
ũ3610169Latin small letter u with tildeKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe u mit Tilde
ų3710173Latin small letter u with ogonekKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe u mit Ogonek
ū363016BLatin small letter u with macronKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe u mit Macron
ŵ3730175Latin small letter w with circumflexKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe w mit Zirkumflex
ý25300FDLatin small letter y with acuteKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe y mit Akut
ŷ3750177Latin small letter y with circumflexKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe y mit Zirkumflex
ÿ25500FFLatin small letter y with diaeresisKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe y mit Diärese
ź378017ALatin small letter z with acuteKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe z mit Akut
ž382017ELatin small letter z with caronKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe z mit Caron
ż380017CLatin small letter z with dot aboveKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe z mit Punkt oben
ð24000F0Latin small letter ethKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe Eth
þ25400FELatin small letter thornKleiner lateinischer Buchstabe Thorn